长三角地区新城中央公园与城市空间耦合关系研究
投稿时间:2017-05-27    点此下载全文
引用本文:施佳颖,王云.长三角地区新城中央公园与城市空间耦合关系研究[J].《上海交通大学学报》(农业科学版),2018,(3):27-32, 52
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作者单位E-mail
施佳颖 上海交通大学 农业与生物学院, 上海 200240 jsntsjy@yeah.net 
王云 上海交通大学 农业与生物学院, 上海 200240  
中文摘要:以长三角地区6个具有代表性的新城中央公园为例,通过文献研究、图像采集、实地观察等方法,研究中央公园的空间布局特征及其与周边城市的相关性。总结出新城中央公园具有核心式、轴线式、沿水式3种主要布局模型,以及内向封闭型和外向渗透型2种边界类型。基于景观指标,本研究探索了一种从空间形态、空间互动和空间使用3个层面量化中央公园与城市空间的耦合关系的新方法。总结耦合程度高的中央公园具有以下特征:(1)具有一定规模,边界开放且复杂,通常沿水布局;(2)公园周边用地开发强度大,类型丰富,以居住和商业用地为主;(3)公园位于新城核心区域,周边路网密度高,交通可达性好。针对分析结果,提出新城中央公园的空间优化建议,为新城规划和中央公园建设提供了一定的理论依据。
中文关键词:中央公园  新城  空间布局  耦合  长三角
 
Coupling relationship between central park and urban space in Yangtze river delta
Abstract:Spatial layout characteristics of six new town central parks in Yangtze river delta and their correlations with surroundings were studied through literature review,image acquisition and field survey.It was concluded that new town central parks can be divided into core,axial and along-river layout types and inward-closed and outward-osmosis border types.Based on landscape metrics,this study proposed an innovation of quantifying the coupling relationship between central park and urban space through aspects of spatial form,interaction and usage.Results showed that a central park with high degree of coupling relationship has following characteristics:(1) with a certain scale,open and complex boundary and usually layout along the water;(2) with highly developed surrounding area,which is dominated by residence and business;(3) locating in the new town’s core area,surrounded by road network and easy to reach.We also proposed suggestions on spatial optimization,which may be helpful for central parks in new towns.
keywords:central park  new town  spatial layout  coupling  Yangtze river delta
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