法国园林发展的三个时代
投稿时间:2019-01-18    点此下载全文
引用本文:张德顺,孙力,MarieSimon.法国园林发展的三个时代[J].《上海交通大学学报》(农业科学版),2019,(4):85-88
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作者单位E-mail
张德顺 同济大学 建筑与城市规划学院/上海应用技术大学 生态与技术工程学院,上海 200092 156548363@qq.com 
孙力 同济大学 建筑与城市规划学院/上海应用技术大学 生态与技术工程学院,上海 200092  
MarieSimon 同济大学 建筑与城市规划学院/上海应用技术大学 生态与技术工程学院,上海 200092  
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(31770747);国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0503300)
中文摘要:几乎自然界中的所有土地都经过人类的加工与改造。露地或绿篱、森林或都市、海滨或山地等等都是经过200多世代的人类居民因自身发展需要改造的结果,这一改造的影响远远超过了自然更替、风土侵蚀和气候变化。目前的法国园林是文化历史漫长进化及其突变过程的结果。本文将法国园林的演变过程分为3个主要阶段:农民的时代,艺术家的时代,建筑师和工程师的时代。以此帮助了解法国一千多年来园林外观风貌和动态演替过程,分析各阶段园林的主要特点,为园林的未来与发展提供经验和方向。
中文关键词:法国园林史  中世纪生活  变异  乡村园林  城市园林
 
The history and development of landscape architecture in France —The three ages of the French landscape
Abstract:No part of our territory has escaped the hands of man.Openfield or hedgerow campaigns,coastal or forest areas,urban or high mountain areas are all the result of the development required by more than two hundred generations of occupants,much more than by natural conditions,erosion or the climate.The current French landscape is probably the privileged witness of French cultural history and its mutations(happy and unfortunate).We will see through this paper of research that for the French landscape evolution we crossed three principal ages:the age of the peasants,then that of the artists and finally that of the landscape architects,architects and engineers.The understanding of these different periods makes it possible to understand the appearance and evolution of landscape architecture in France for more than a thousand years,analyze the main features of gardens at various stages,and provide experience and direction for the future and development of gardens.
keywords:history of the French landscape  Middle age life  mutation  rural landscape  urban landscape
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