上海城市公园典型植物群落美景度评价
投稿时间:2010-12-14    点此下载全文
引用本文:宋亚男,车生泉.上海城市公园典型植物群落美景度评价[J].《上海交通大学学报》(农业科学版),2011,29(2):16-24
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作者单位E-mail
宋亚男 上海交通大学农业与生物学院 农业部都市农业(南方)重点开放实验室 songyanan2009@gmail.com 
车生泉 上海交通大学农业与生物学院 农业部都市农业(南方)重点开放实验室 chsq@sjtu.edu.cn 
基金项目:“十一五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2008BAJ10B03);公益性行业(农业)科研专项(200903056)
中文摘要:城市公园植物群落作为城市公园的重要组成部分,其景观美学质量具有重要的研究价值。本文依据上海城市公园的类型、区位和建成时间选择典型公园作为研究样本,以公园中具代表性的32个植物群落作为研究对象,运用美景度评判法对其景观美学评价。结果表明:按照SBE平均值排列不同群落类型,从高到低依次是:落叶阔叶林(33.399 5)、常绿落叶阔叶混交林(26.837 2)、常绿阔叶林(19.235 1)、针阔混交林(10.169 3)、常绿针叶林(1.028 4)、落叶针叶林(-0.066 9)和竹林类(-9.135 9),然后从上述群落配置模式、外貌和生长状况等方面进行分析,得出影响植物群落美景度的因子并提出了提高群落美景度的方法和途径。
中文关键词:城市公园  植物群落  美景度  
 
Scenic Beauty Estimation of the Typical Plant Communities of Urban Parks in Shanghai
Abstract:Plant community,one of the important components in urban parks,possesses significant research values in the terms of landscape aesthetic performance.In this study,32 typical plant communities of urban parks in Shanghai were chosen as the research objects based on the structural type,geography,constructing time,and district to evaluate their landscape aesthetic performance using SBE method.The results indicated that the descending order for the plant communities based on the SBE average was as follows:Deciduous broad-leaved mined forest(33.399 5),Evergreen and deciduous broad-leaved forest(26.837 2),evergreen broad-leaved forest(19.235 1),Broad-leaved and coniferous mixed forest(10.169 3),Evergreen coniferous forest(1.028 4),Deciduous coniferous forest(-0.066 9),Bamboo forest(-9.135 9).In addition,main factors influencing SBE were obtained and satisfactory methods for improving landscape aesthetic benefits were suggested based on the analysis of the configuration,appearance,and growth status of the referred plant communities.
keywords:urban parks  plant communities  SBE  
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